In vitro fertilization (IVF) involves a series of complex procedures, including the administration and monitoring of medications which stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs; the retrieval, fertilization and laboratory culture of these eggs; and the growth and eventual transfer of viable human embryos into the uterus. IVF creates an environment, which allows for maximal interaction between as many eggs and sperm as possible, and fosters the creation of multiple embryos, which can then be introduced directly into the uterus under highly optimized conditions.
Once you decide to proceed with IVF, you should schedule an orientation class with one of our nurse practitioners. Details of each phase of the process will be discussed, including administration of medication; ultrasound and blood testing; the actual procedures of egg retrieval and embryo transfer; and post-transfer strategies. An injection lesson will be given at the orientation visit, so whoever will give the injections should attend. Specific, individualized dosing instructions about your medication will be reviewed. If you have questions after attending the class or reading this information, please do not hesitate to call us.
You may also need to undergo some screening blood work, cervical cultures, a PAP smear (if one has not been done in six months) and uterine studies. Your husband may also be required to undergo some blood studies. We will review with you, based on your previous evaluations, which of these tests you will be required to complete. You will also be given detailed consent forms concerning IVF laboratory processes, and you must review and sign them prior to the beginning your medications.